Stuttgart is the capital of the German state of Baden-Württemberg and with about 600,000 inhabitants, its largest city. It is the sixth largest city in Germany and the center of the approximately 2.7 million inhabitants belonging to the Stuttgart region, which (after the Ruhr and Berlin area), is the third largest agglomeration of the Federal Republic of Germany and the European Metropolitan Region of Stuttgart (about 5.3 million inhabitants) , the fourth largest in Germany.
The Stuttgart city is dominated by many hills (some vineyards), valleys (especially the Neckar Valley) and parks (including Rosenstein Park, Castle Gardens).
Stuttgart reached fifth place in 2009th nationwide ranking of the Initiative New Social Market Economy of Germany's most successful cities in and was then successful city of Baden-Württemberg.
Stuttgart has one of the highest income and is one of the economically important cities of Germany and Europe. The Stuttgart Region is one of the centers of the German middle class, that is characterized by many small and medium enterprises.
These serve primarily as a supplier to the large, global automotive and engineering companies. Thus in the city and its surroundings located many high-tech companies, including Daimler, Porsche, Bosch, which here have their worldwide headquarters, but also Siemens, Kodak, Lenovo in Stuttgart. In addition to these global corporations, the Stuttgart economy is also about the 1500 medium-sized businesses. Because of this economic situation is not only the city but the entire region of the area and the surrounding counties are colloquial or often jokingly referred to as the "Stuttgart bacon belt".
The old castle is located in the center of Stuttgart and is a moat from the 10th Century. The first element was build 950 to protect the "Stutengarten". In the 14th Century, it was headquarters of the counts of Württemberg. The Duke Christoph and Ludwig extended it to a Renaissance palace, which was regarded as the most beautifulest in Germany. At this time the stairway of riders was build by Blasius Berwart, the inauguration of the Castle Church in 1562 and the re-designing of the conference room took place. The moat around the castle was removed in the 18 Century. In 1931 a fire burnt down a part of the castle, in which the Dürnitzbau was both towers largely destroyed. Even before the reconstruction was completed, the castle was destroyed during the Second World War. The reconstruction lasted until 1971 and was led by Paul Schmitt Henner. It now houses the State Museum Württemberg and in the southwest wing of the Castle Church.Under the castle church in the royal crypt is the burial place of King Charles I and Queen Olga.Also the arcade itself is remarkable. It approaches prevailing in the architectural motif of the early Renaissance in Italy. Today the Old Palace host historical important exhibits of the Württemberg State Museum.