Frankfurt am Main, with more than 667 000 inhabitants the largest city in Hesse and the fifth largest in Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Cologne.
Since the Middle Ages, Frankfurt is one of the most important urban centers of Germany. 794 first mentioned, since the High Middle Ages, it was a free imperial city until 1806 elections and since 1562 the coronation city of the Holy Roman (German) Emperor. From 1816 to 1866, Frankfurt was the seat of the German Confederation and 1848/49 of the first freely elected German parliament.
Today Frankfurt is a major European financial, exhibition and service center and the only German metropolis that is ranked among the so-called Alpha World Cities, which is the world's most important cities. The city is home to the European central bank, the Bundesbank , the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and the Frankfurt fair. Due to its central location it belongs with the Frankfurt airport, main railway station and Frankfurt's cross to the main transport hubs in Europe.
A special feature is the skyline of Frankfurt, the skyscrapers are the tallest buildings in Europe.
According to a 2001 ranking of the University of Liverpool, Frankfurt is considered to be the most productive city in Europe (according to GDP per capita). The city is now one of the richest and most powerful cities in Europe. This is also reflected in the significant number of international companies representatives.
According to the European Cities Monitor in 2009, done by Cushman & Wakefield, for 20 years Frankfurt holds third place as the best location for international companies in Europe (after London and Paris). For the state of Hessen, Frankfurt has a central role , 40 percent of the â‚¬ 4.24 billion in business tax revenues come from Frankfurt.
In no otherGerman city, there are so many leading international companies from various industries, including chemical companies, advertising agencies (including the German headquarters of Saatchi & Saatchi and a U.S. subsidiary of JWT), software companies and call centers. The development department and other important departments of the Deutsche Bahn and its subsidiary DB Netz are in the DB-Headquarters in Gallus. Frankfurt was regarded for years by Hoechst AG as a "pharmacy of the world." The Höchst Industrial Park is one of the top three sites for the chemical and pharmaceutical industry in Europe. Also found in Frankfurt, the German headquarters of major food companies like Nestle and Ferrero, as well as the seat of the largest brewing group in Germany, the Radeberger group. With KPMG has one of the four largest accounting firms to their European headquarters in Frankfurt. PricewaterhouseCoopers has its German headquarters in Frankfurt. Some of the largest consulting firms like McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group and Bain & Company are also represented in the city.
The Jazz Cellar is a jazz club, founded as a venue for jazz music in Frankfurt am Main.
It was founded in 1952 by jazz trumpeter Carlo Bohländer in Frankfurt in the basement of the Little Bockenheimer Street No. 18a, named â€ždomicile du jazzâ€œ and was refered by "insiders" as "the cellar". A narrow staircase - with 19 stone steps - leads down to the "sanctuary".
In the 1950s and 1960s the cellar was the important linchpin for contact between German and American jazz musicians. Therefore, almost every big name in jazz stood on this stage: Don Ellis, Cedar Walton, Eddie Harris, Gary Peacock, and Joe Henderson played here regularly, while they were stationed in the Rhine-Main area. The Modern Jazz Quartet, Sonny Rollins, Stan Getz, Dizzy Gillespie and musicians of the Ellington band played here for their guest performances with the Frankfurt colleagues.
1963 changed its name to the Jazkeller as it is called henceforth. Instead of the jam sessions there now regularly groups for a modest fee. But the innovative claims remained: Volker Kriegel developed his form of rock jazz here in the late 1960's with other musicians. Albert Mangelsdorff tested here before an audience the way the trombone solo one evening.
The Frankfurt Bookfair
The Frankfurt Book Fair is the largest book fair in Germany. It takes place annually in October at the Messe Frankfurt and was established in 1949 by the Association of German Book Trade. Every year, the Franfurt Book Fair presents the book production and display culture of a host country. During the book fair in the German Book Trade Peace Prize of the German Youth Literature Prize and the award.
Until the era of the late 17th Century Frankfurt am Main was, the central European book fair city. As a result of political and cultural upheaval, the Leipzig Book Fair took over in the Age of Enlightenment, the role of Frankfurt. It was not until two centuries later, in consequence of the division of Germany, the book fair in Frankfurt lived life: 205 German exhibitors assembled on 18to 23 September 1949 in Frankfurt's St Paul's Church to the first book fair in the postwar period.
The book fair serves as an exhibition primarily publishers, agents, booksellers, librarians, academics, illustrators, service providers, film producers, translators, printers, associations, artists, authors, antiquarians, software and multimedia companies to present their offer and the completion of shops. Approximately 42 percent of the products shown at the exhibition are books, 30 percent digital media (including 2 percent of e-books). At the Book Fair in 2009 were 401 932 publications, of which 123 823 new titles presented.
The Frankfurter saussages, or simply Frankfurter, is a sausage specialty from Frankfurt, which is documented in 1487 for the first time in writing in the city. The first documented written recipe is from 1749.
Frankfurter sausages are made of pure pork sausages, as sausage casing small intestine of sheep is used. Its special flavor is obtained by a unique smoking process. In order to prepare ready-to-serve hot dog, they have to take eight minutes in hot water, the sausage must not boil. The frankfurters in court.
In 1929 it was decided by the Berlin court that only those sausages may be called "Frankfurter", which were actually produced in the economy in Frankfurt. The Federal Court upheld that ruling in December 1955, it is so even today (March 2009). More closely the boundaries of the name "Original" frankfurters are set. This designation is for hot dogs from Neu-Isenburg reserved.