The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is a city-state of the Federal Republic of Germany and with just under 1.8 million inhabitants the second largest city in Germany.
The earliest written reference dates from the 7th Century. The contract with Hamburg Lubeck in 1241 the Hanseatic League was born. Hamburg is an industrial and commercial location. The economic importance of the city is evident in the metropolitan region of Hamburg, one of the eleven European metropolitan regions, the position of the port, the third-biggest in Europe and eighth largest, and one of the most important media locations in Germany.
With more than four million visitors annually, Hamburg is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Germany. The objectives of the visitors are the center of Hamburg, including Inner Alster Lake, Hamburg's port with the St. Pauli landing stages, St. Pauli, with the "sinful mile" and the famous Reeperbahn in Hamburg's landmark buildings such as Michel, also temporary events, and events such as the port's birthday, the Altona Fish Market, the Hamburg Cathedral and the Schlagermove. Hamburg has more than 60 theaters and over 60 museums and galleries, for example the internationally known Hamburger Kunsthalle and the Bucerius Kunst Forum. Major trade fairs such as the hanseboot or INTERNORGA take place regularly.
Hamburg, as a trade, transportation and service oriented City, is of national importance and is one of the most important industrial sites in Germany. The port is one of the world's leading seaports. Main industries are logistics, port and maritime industry, aerospace industry (the world's third largest site), consumer goods (mainly food), chemicals, electronics, machinery, automobile and shipbuilding, petroleum industry, banking, media and insurance. In addition to the trade and services sectors also play the fields of tourism, renewable energy and life sciences (medicine and biotechnology), an increasingly important role.
Hamburg is among the world's leading conference locations. The Congress Center Hamburg (CCH) was opened in 1973 as Germany's first convention and conference center with a hotel tower, Hamburg's highest hotel, next to the Dammtorbahnhof. 2008 ended with an expansion to 23 halls with 12,500 seats and a multi-functional exhibition hall (7,000 mÂ²) hopes the city under the world's top ten conference venues advance. Every year there are held some 400 conferences, events and concerts. Near the CCH and accessible via a covered walkway through the park Planten un Blomen, is the Hamburg Fair site. The Hamburg show was by 2008 expanded to 11 exhibition halls covering an area of 87,000 mÂ². Over a million visitors recorded the approximately 45 trade fairs and other events each year. Among major international trade shows such as hanseboot the traditional INTERNORGA (hotel and catering trade fair) or the world's leading shipping industry SMM (Shipbuilding, Machinery & Marine Technology), well frequented the Boat Show.In the utilization of the exhibition space Hamburg led in 2008 in Germany. Including the total area of the CCH 107 000 square meters of exhibition space available, which are marketed by the Hamburg Messe und Congress GmbH.
The Reeperbahn is the central street in Hamburg's red light and entertainment district of St. Pauli. It is about 930 meters long and runs from Millerntor west through to Nobistor (Hamburg-Altona), where it merges with the King's Road. It is regarded as "the most sinful mile in the world."
In the 1960s, will discuss a reorganization of the Spielbudenplatz to revive this place in the neighborhood. First, in the late 1960s one-storey pavilions were built, as they were also common in shopping malls this time. At first different (fast food) restaurants, leisure clubs (with billiards, table football and alike) as well as smaller shops selling clothing, souvenirs, posters, shops, etc. where the renters. But problems arose from the highly confusing twisty, narrow passage. Wide health and safety problems, so, many shops, particularly in the central area were closed quickly and could be rented again. This made the Spielbudenplatz increasingly an embarrassing eyesore. End of the eighties the pavilions were torn down, and the 300 m long area was often wasted. After controversial proposals (including an installation with two cranes of Jeff Koons), in December 2004, a plan with two mutually opposite movable stages on where events could regularly held by the city of Hamburg wasdecided and implemented. On 2nd June 2006 â‚¬ 9.7 million made the expensive conversion of the Spielbudenplatz and Reeperbahn official.
In parallel to the Reeperbahn, slightly hidden is the famous Herbert Street, an off-limits area for women (for a good reason), known as â€žthe most sinful mile in the worldâ€œ that can only be accessed by foot via two privacy shields.
After the demolition of the residential area on the Elbe islands the Construction of the Speicherstadt started 1883. About 20,000 people were forcibly relocated, the one in the quickly establiahed workers district Barmbek Hammerbrook, others expended their summer houses on the Alster and Elbe into principal residences. 1100 houses were torn down.
1888 was the inauguration of the Speicherstadt with the laying of the keystone by Kaiser Wilhelm II. In 1898, the construction project was completed two-thirds. The other building-site in the eastern part was completed before the start of World War 1914th. The blocks were designated alphabeticaly, however the blocks Y and Z, for which the grounds of the Ericusspitze was planned, not built.
The implementation and management of the Speicherstadt was in 1885 taken over by the Hamburger Freihafen-Lagerhaus-Gesellschaft (HFLG) . It was created as a joint stock company from the start: the city contributed the land of 30,000 square meters in the north and the German banking capital of nine million marks. From 1927 the city of Hamburg was the only shareholder. Place of business was the Speicherstadtrathaus known as Town Hall, completed in 1902 at St. Anne shore that sells through its neo-Renaissance style of the brick Gothic-style storage buildings. In World War II by Allied bombing, about half of the building was destroyed. The faithful post-war reconstruction was completed 1967.
The Speicherstadt is an interesting site of its own, but it has interesting sites within as well. Just one of them is the so called MiWuLa (MiniatureWonderLand) which is home to the hugest miniature railway in the world. On 1150 square meter surface area about 12 KM tracks, scaled to 1:87 (H0 scale), which operates 830 digitally controlled trains. In the final, which will be reached in 2020, the plant size of 2,300 square meters with over 20 km of tracks and a planned total of 1.300 trains, operated by 64 independend, but cross-communicating computers will be made reality.
The eel soup as a typical dish of the region can be traced back to the 18th Century. The earliest written reference comes from a kitchen of the Hamburger Heilig-Geist-Hospital of 1756. The oldest known recipe is in a hamburger cookbook of 1788. The Encyclopaedia of Johann Georg Krünitz states 1782, â€žeel soup is a dish for ordinary people where these fish found in such quantities.â€œ The chief medical officer Rambach wrote in 1801: "this mixture is a very tasty dish for the Hamburg people, and is therefore usually without side dishes."