Nuremberg is a city in Middle of the Free State of Bavaria. With over 500,000 inhabitants the second largest city in Bavaria. The metropolitan area of Nuremberg, together with its direct neighboring cities of Fürth, Erlangen and Schwabach form the economic and cultural center of the European Metropolitan Region of Nuremberg and Franconia.
Nuremberg's location competence, in particular in the areas of Communication technology, marketing research, print-media, energy and performance electronics as well as transport and logistics is quite unique, compared to other European cities. A gross value added of 20.3 billion EUR was measured 2007 in the city. In addition The service area contributed about 75% and the producing trade to 25%. The retail trade turnover amounts to 3.5 billion EUR (stand: 2008) which is the third highest purchasing centrality to Munich and Dusseldorf in Germany per head.
The Nuremberg Christmas market is held every year during Advent and Christmas in the Old Town of Nuremberg, on the Main Market Square and the adjoining streets and squares. With around two million visitors it is one of the largest Christmas markets in Germany and one of the most famous in the world. It begins on the Friday before the first Sunday of Advent and ends on 24 December, unless on a Sunday.
The origins of the Nuremberg Christmas market are - dispite of intensive research by various historians and researchers the - not known. The earliest evidence of the market is a box made of pine, on the bottom is the following inscription: "Regina Susanna Harßdörfferin of the Virgin Susanna Eleonora Erbsin (or Elbsin) to Kindle-Marck transmitted 1628". At the moment the box is owned by the Germanic National Museum in Nuremberg. In Council decrees from 1610 "Kindleinbescheren" or "Christmas" are repeatedly used words,It is still a mystery if the decree was about the Christkindlmarket indeed. Historians believe that the market has developed 1610-1639 from traditional sales at the weekly market and slowly became a market of its own.
Originally, the market opened at St. Barbara, 4 December. Due to large crowds on opening day, it was relocated in 1973 on the Friday before the first Advent. During the Second World War, the market was not held.
Today, the Nuremberg Christmas market with almost 2 million visitors a year and about 180 stalls one of the most popular and largest Christmas markets in Germany. In particular, japanese tourists visit the market, which can be fitted to almost 7,000 the number of nights spent by Japanese tourists read each year in the Advent season.